Students may produce official school publications as part of the curriculum under the supervision of a faculty advisor and the principal. Official school publications such as newspapers, yearbooks or magazines form a part of the journalism curriculum and are produced primarily for the educational value gained in the process of their creation.  As such, these publications shall conform to the same community and educational standards required of other student conduct in the school.


Any expression made by students, including student expression in official school publications, is not an expression of official school policy. A faculty advisor shall supervise student writers to maintain professional standards of English and journalism and to comply with the law including, but not limited to, the restrictions against unlawful speech.


Prior to publication of these materials, the faculty advisor, principal or designee shall review them to determine their acceptability for publication.  Publications may be restricted, edited or prohibited when, after considering the maturity level of the students, any portion of the publication is determined to be discriminatory, a substantial interference to the educational process or learning environment, harassment, vulgar or obscene, defamatory, an invasion of privacy, or highly controversial.


Persons, other than students, who believe they have been aggrieved by student expression in a student produced official school publication shall follow the public complaint procedure outlined in board policy 1005.01. Students who believe their freedom of expression in a student‑produced official school publication has been restricted shall follow the due process procedure outlined in board policy 504.01.


It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent, in conjunction with the principals, to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.


Legal Reference:                       Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260                                                                 (1988). 

Bystrom v. Fridley High School, 822 F.2d 747 (8th Cir.                             1987).


Cross Reference:                      301.04 Communication Channels 

504      Student Rights and Responsibilities 

506      Student Activities





Policy                                                                           COLUMBUS PUBLIC SCHOOLS

Adopted:   9/11/06                                                       Columbus, Nebraska